• Varicose Veins
  • Aching
  • Swelling
  • Cramping
  • Heaviness or tiredness
  • Itching
  • Open skin sores
  • Restlessness


Healthy leg veins have valves that keep blood flowing to the heart. Chronic venous insufficiency developswhen the valves stop working properly and allow blood to flow backward (i.e. reflux) and pool in the lower leg veins. If chronic venous insufficiency is left untreated, symptoms can worsen over time.

Chronic Venous Insufficiency (CVI) is one of the underlying causes of venous ulcers, is a potentially serious and progressive medical condition. 

Symptoms can worsen over time if left untreated.

Varicose Veins            Swelling                       Discoloration                 Ulcers


Chronic venous insufficiency is 2 times more prevalent than coronary heart disease (CHD) and 5 times more prevalent than peripheral arterial disease (PAD).

  1. Varicose veins may be more than just a cosmetic issue
  2. Varicose veins are not the same as spider veins
  3. Varicose veins affect BOTH men and women



CVI can affect anyone; gender and age are factors that may increase your risk.³ For example,

women older than 50 are more likely than others to develop CVI.  Other factors that may increase your risk, include:

  • Family history
  • Sedentary lifestyle
  • Trauma
  • Prolonged Standing
  • Obesity or excess weight
  • Current or previous pregnancies
  • Smoking



Varicose veins are often misunderstood as a cosmetic problem and many people living with them

do not seek treatment. 

There is good news! Comprehensive Cardiovascular Medical Group is now offering minimally

invasive treatment options available for CVI.

The ClosureFast™ procedure uses controlled and consistent heat delivered by the ClosureFast™ catheter

to seal the diseased vein.  Once the vein is sealed, blood is rerouted to nearby healthy veins.

The ClosureFast™ procedure has been rigorously tested and proven across multiple studies and patients.5-8




1. Criqui, M.H., Denenberg, J.O., Langer, R.D., Kaplan, R.M., & Fronek, A. (2013). Epidemiology of Chronic Peripheral Venous Disease. In J.J. Bergan & N. Bunke-Paquette (Eds.), The Vein Book (pp. 27-36). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

2. American Heart Association, SIR, Brand et al. “The Epidemiology of Varicose Veins: The Framingham Study”.

3. “Chronic Venous Insufficiency.” Vascular Web. Society for Vascular Surgery, Jan. 2011. Web.

4. “Varicose Veins and Spider Veins.” Department of Health and Human Services, June 2010. Web.

5. Proebstle TM, Alm BJ, Gockeritz O et al. Five-year results from the prospective European multicentre cohort study on radiofrequency segmental thermal ablation for incompetent great saphenous veins. British Journal of Surgery. 2015;102:212-8.

6. Proebstle T, Alm J, Gockeritz O, et al. Three year European follow-up endovenous radiofrequency thermal ablation of the great saphenous vein with or without treatment of calf varicosities. J Vasc Surg. 2011;54(1)146-52.

7. Almeida JI, Kaufman J, Goekeritz O, et al. Radiofrequency Endovenous ClosureFAST versus Laser Ablation for the Treatment of Great Saphenous Reflux: A Multicenter, Single-Blinded, Randomized Study (Recovery Study). JVIR June 2009.

8. H. Rasmussen, M. Lawaetz, L. Bjoern, B. Vennits, A. Blemings and B. Eklof, Randomized Clinical Trial Comparing Endovenous Laser Ablation, Radiofrequency Ablation, Foam Sclerotherapy and Surgical Stripping for Great Saphenous Varicose Veins. British Journal of Surgery Society Ltd., Wiley Online Library,, March 15, 2011.

9. Morrison N. et al, Randomized trial comparing cyanoacrylate embolization and radiofrequency ablation for incompetent great saphenous veins (VeClose). Journal of Vascular Surgery. 2015.

10. Proebstle TM et al, The European multicenter cohort study on cyanoacrylate embolization of refluxing great saphenous veins. Journal of Vascular Surgery. 2014.

11. Amleida JI et al, Two-year follow-up of first human use of cyanoacrylate adhesive for treatment of saphenous vein incompetence. Phlebology: published online 30 March 2014.